Educator9, Community Health Educator

Educator9, Community Health Educator

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Educator9, Community Health Educator

.http://www.yourdomain.com/Educator

Educator9,community-health-educator

Educator, Community health educator is needed for prevention and treatment of preventable conditions.Disease, ignorance and poverty are causes of much suffering within the communities. If community health workers are to deal with disease, they will need to understand ignorance and poverty. To help people in their daily lives requires an understanding of human behavior and the surroundings in which people live, both of which influence whether they stay healthy or get sick. Changes for the better can only be made if behavior and organizational patterns of individuals, small groups, families and larger communities are understood.Community health education aims or focuses on preventive health care that operates in different levels. Primary health education is supposed to done before a disease process starts e.g. immunization or advice on nutrition or accident prevention before they happen. Secondary care is alleviated or arrest disease e.g. screening, early diagnosis and treatment, dental checks, tertiary is to limit or alleviate the effects of disease or illness, e.g. rehabilitation.Community health education is relevant at all levels of prevention, but is particularly aimed towards preventing the initial development of all ill health. Community health education, as traditionally conceived, has the important limitation of tending focus on individual lifestyles and desired behavioral changes; outside the context of the constraints on peoples lives and the ways in which such conditions affect health. To promote positive health, it is acknowledged that community health education must work hand in hand with the efforts to change the structural and environmental factors influencing health either directly or through the choices people feel able to make.Community health promotion works through effective community action in setting priorities, making decisions, planning strategies and implementing them to achieve better health. At the heart of this process is the empowerment of this process is the empowerment of communities and the ownership and control of their own endeavors and destiny.

Community Health Education

We describe community health education as a process that informs motivates and also that helps people to adopt and maintain health practices and life-style. This also advocates environmental changes as needed to facilitate the goal and which also conducts professional training and research to the same end to achieve the goals. Community health education is to help people to achieve good health by their own actions and efforts. Community health education should aim to help people to understand that their health is most valuable community asset, and therefore to help them to achieve health through their own activities.Community health education should help them develop a sense of responsibility for improvement of their own health as individual members of their families and communities.Community health education should help them to develop scientific knowledge, attitude, and skills on health matters to enable them to develop correct habits.Community health education should educate community members to develop proper use of health services in whatever form it is made available to them by their own government.Community members should change their behavior on positive health living and take over relevant health education programs as provided.Community members should achieve health through their own actions and efforts to themselves and their families.It is the educational approach to health problems when proper measures are taken for their good health.Community health knowledge is appropriate and will make them enjoy descent health and also help them to acquire knowledge about occurrence and spread of disease and also know how to stop the outbreak.Community health education will help them to acquire interest in their own health. Also health education should help them assist other family members to improve their own health living, create their well being. Community health education should assist them acquire desire to support health education.Community health education programs should aim at bringing about changes in knowledge, attitude, behavior, habit and customs among other things. Health Education and Promotion

Definition of Health Education:-There are various definitions that illustrate the expanding scope of health education.Health education is education intended to have a positive impact on health:- health being a state of complete physical, mental social well being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.Health education is a process of dialogue with community members to find appropriate responses to health problems.Health education is a process of “empowering” individual families and communities; that is, it gives them the knowledge and insights to understand how their behavior affects their health and the incentives to promote the conditions that maintain good health.The scope of health education is being extended beyond disease prevention to incorporate health promotion. People have both a right and a responsibility for activities that affect their health. Because of these changes, more people are involved in health education and so additional methods and techniques including social marketing are employed.A most important target for health education is the individual. The individual’s acceptance of responsibility for his/her own health is a critical factor. When a person is sick and comes to a health facility as a patient, the health worker, whether doctor, nurse or other kind of health worker, has an excellent opportunity to listen, guide and advise on matters arising from the illness.Programs of Community Health Education that exist in KenyaThese programs include:-National AIDS/HIV/STD control program, Family Planning (FP),Immunization (EPI) Expanded Program of Immunizations),Diarrhea (CDD) Control of Diarrhea Diseases, Acute Respiratory Infections,Malaria Control Program, Drug and Substance Abuse program,Diseases of Public Health importance:- Training on accidents and injuriesNutrition Program, Oral Health Program,Reproductive Health Program and Integrated management of childhood illness.Subjects that are taught to the public include:-Family Planning, Nutrition, Oral Health vector Borne Diseases, Hygiene,Immunizations, Public Health and Environmental Health.The people who teach health education include:-Family planning field educators, nutritionist, Nutrition field educators,Community oral health workers, Staff of the division of vector borne diseases.Public Health Officers, Public Health Technicians, Public Health Technologists,Social welfare, Health educators, Health educator officers, Community based workers,Traditional birth attendants, Community health workers. The scope of health education is being extended beyond disease prevention to incorporate health promotion. People have both a right and a responsibility for activities that affect their health. Because of these changes, more people are involved in health education and so additional methods and techniques including social marketing are employed.A most important target for health education is the individual. The individual’s acceptance of responsibility for his/her own health is a critical factor. When a person is sick and comes to a health facility as a patient, the health worker, whether doctor, nurse or other kind of health worker, has an excellent opportunity to listen, guide and advise on matters arising from the illness.Programs of Community Health Education that exist in KenyaThese programs include:-National AIDS/HIV/STD control program, Family Planning (FP),Immunization (EPI) Expanded Program of Immunizations),Diarrhoea (CDD) Control of Diarrhea Diseases, Acute Respiratory Infections,Malaria Control Program, Drug and Substance Abuse program,Diseases of Public Health importance:- Training accidents and injuriesNutrition Program, Oral Health Program,Reproductive Health Program and Integrated management of childhood illness.Subjects that are taught to the public include:-Family Planning, Nutrition, Oral Health vector Borne Diseases,, Hygiene,Immunizations, Public Health and Environmental Health.The people who teach health education include:-Family planning field educators, nutritionist, Nutrition field educators,Community oral health workers, Staff of the division of vector borne diseases.Public Health Officers, Public Health Technicians, Public Health Technologists,Social welfare, Health educators, Health educator officers, Community based workers,Traditional births attendants, Community health workers. Outline contents:-

Decide on and prepare visual aids, andIdentify resources, e.g. leaders, venue, influential supporters.

To organize a talk session:-Arrange the venue and materials,Ensure that the audience is comfortably seated,Greet the audience and introduce oneself,Compliment them on their achievement or say how much you appreciate the invitation,Introduce the purpose of the talk and explain the procedure that will be followed,Ask quick questions or tell a story,Deliver the message systematically, emphasizing important points.During the talk you should find out whether the audience understands what was discussed. One can monitor this by:-Observing audience interest, listening to responses and taking note of the number and quality of questions or comments.After the talk, ask people informally whether the talk was a success or failure.HIV/AIDS Prevention and ManagementTaught to Health workers:- By TOT in seminars & workshops. Main objectives will be:-To teach on reduction of transmission of STD/HIV and mitigate the consequences of infection.Teach and raise the ownership of TB care among the citizenry through quarterly reports-public, private through data on cost recovery by health workers.Trainers should produce educational materials and billboards through MOH/Donors, Local Government Authority. Educational materials should include posters produced and distributed, types of health education materials developed, and proportion of health education materials distributed.The health care workers should teach and do publicity through mass media to educate the public.In order to reduce diagnostic delay:-Through seminars, media, health facilities and headquarters:-There should be perfect development of national training manuals and guidelines on TB control.Proper public education on symptoms of TB To strengthen diagnostic procedures at all levelsThere should be refresher training of laboratory workers,Rehabilitation of existing national reference laboratory there should be regular training organized by Ministry of Health. To improve treatment compliance health care workers in health facilities should clients and patients on:-Health care workers should educate the public on TB care in Health Centres, dispensaries offering TB treatment; increase the number of districts implementing community TB care.To reduce the incidence and mortality of TB in the country trainers of trainers should teach health workers through seminars on:-Data collection, Computerization and Reporting.This will be done by Ministry of Health. Health workers will be trained on data collection and entry into computers.Health care workers will be taught on methods to strengthen specialized training on TB.Clinical officers will receive specialized training in TB and lung Diseases at MTC annually through MOH/KEMRI.Teaching on surveillance methods on drug resistance.Teaching on upcoming issue from time to time.Integrated Management of Childhood IllnessIn seminars by TOT and through KMTC,The healthcare workers should be taught on methods to improve case-management skills of patients.Through KMTC, trainers must teach health. Care workers to identify information to be adopted to improve patient care.The health care workers must be taught on how to analyze and interview to get proper information on the illness.With help of MTC, the health care worker should be able to modify materials, build consensus and adapt materials accordingly Education materials should be printed and adapted through preventive and promotive trainers.Training of health workers on case management skills should be done by the trainers. Through trainers from Training of National Integrated Management of childhood illnesses core team.There should be training of District/Provincial facilitators by MOH.There should be integrated case management training and follow-up for facility health workers.There should be introduction of pre-service training in information for medical and paramedical staff.Prevention of MalnutritionTo eliminate Vitamin A deficiency in children under 5 years through TOT under MOH/DPHC.The health workers should be made aware of Vitamin A deficiency in public care centers,Creation of awareness on Vitamin A deficiency and immunizable diseases.There should be development and dissemination of appropriate educational materials on childcare.The health workers should train on micronutrient supplementation and introduction of Vitamin A.Conduct regular assessment of hospitals to enforce teaching on diseases.Community based education on malnutrition should be strengthening by educating health workers through seminars and use of posters.Development and distribution of educational materials by DPHC.Immunizable Disease (Kenya Expanded Program of Immunization.To be expanded through training-inservice through seminars by TOTTraining and updating of health workers on Expanded Program of ImmunizationDevelop and use innovative methods for addressing missed opportunities/high dropout rates taught through TOT/DPHC.Ensuring of regular supplies of vaccines and EPI logistics taught and followed through. Ensuring of regular supplies of vaccines and EPI logistics taught and followed through DPHC.Through awareness creation through social mobilization/Advocacy by TOT/DPHC on Traing of Trainers.Sentization workshops for health providers by TOT/DPHC Teaching and introduce schedule for women of childbearing ageEmphasize and teach on TT, conduct TT supplemental immunizations in high risk areas through DPHC/TOT especially in health facilities.Strengthen surveillance for neo-natal tetanus taught by TOT to identify signs in health facilities and homes through health visits.Control and Prevention of Major Environmental Health Related Communicable Diseases.Teaching is done through Ministry of Health by TOTTrain communities on protection of springs, rehabilitation of boreholes.Provide water sampling and analysis facilities through teaching and dissemination by trained community based workers.Through teaching, ensuring of local authority to establish and maintain adequate water supply and sewerage systems in their area of jurisdiction.Through TOT to community based workers ensure health promotion to communities to increase pit latrine coverage in rural areas.Through education by community-based health workers enforce the provision of refuse disposal systems.Through education by CBOs and other community health workers, there should be enforcement of sanitation laws.Through MOH, local authorities, Ministry of Works and roads, local authorities, teach and encourage involvement of NGOs and private sectors to provision of water supply and sanitation.Through health inspectors, education to improve food control administration should be done.TOT/MOH where there are incidences of food-borne illnesses, food safety should be improved.Through laboratory technologists teaching, there should enhancing on laboratory efficiency in food analysis.Through MOH by TOT, there should be comprehensive food sampling program in laboratories.Through MOH by TOT specialists there should refresher course on the new sampling techniques and inspection.Through health workers, environmental health interventions should be strengthened on pollution.Through MOH, MOWR and local authorities there should be:-Sentization of the communities in the management of waste disposal aided by health officers.Training of personnel on the current approaches on pollution control.TOT should promote the teaching of the basic health intervention measures for enhancing personal hygiene in schools.Through Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health, all children of school going age should be equipped with basic knowledge of personal hygiene.Through Ministry of Health, Institute of Education, Ministry of Education and Local Authorities;Through TOT, they should develop relevant teaching materials on sanitation and hygiene for schools, there should sensoring of teaching aids produced and distributed to schools.MOH, MoE through TOT and teachers they should distribute and educate on sanitation and hygiene education materials.Reproductive Health Program:-Subjects taught by TOT through Ministry of Health.The senior health workers should be taught how to develop and implement appropriate advocacy for reproductive health.Opinion leaders, legislator should be taught whom to target in education and advocacy.Program manager should be orientated and shown how to implement on reproductive health concept.All involved should be taught on how to develop policies and guidelines to facilitate provision of comprehensive reproductive health care.Health workers should be taught how to develop policy guidelines on reproductive health.Health workers must be taught on how to reverse the current negative trend in maternal and child-health indicators, which threaten survival rights of mothers.How to reduce iron deficiency anemia in pregnant womenThe community should be taught by health workers on how to strengthen community supplementation of iron.The health workers should teach/counsel mothers on use of family planning.Health workers should increase chances on how to access to reproductive health care facilities.Health workers should be taught on how to maintain efficient logistics systems at SDPs.Health workers should be taught how to develop and sustain client oriented services so as to increase clients. Staff should be taught on how to maintain an efficient logistic system at SDPs.Staff should be taught how to develop and sustain client oriented services.There must be training for FP service providers. Different methods and choices should be taught to health workers to meet clients’ needs.The staff should be taught on how to improve referral system.The staff should be taught on how to conduct research to give guidance on materials needed.Teaching population of youth with responsible, health reproductive and sexual responsible sexuality and prevention of unwanted pregnancies and unsafe abortions.Reform legislation policies and traditional/cultural practices which discriminate against women and girl-child and clients.Health workers and clients should be taught on how to integrate gender into reproductive health services.Both health workers and clients should be taught on how to promote harmonious partnership between women and men organization at community level.Both clients and health workers should be taught on how to improve access to information and education to women.Health workers should be taught on how to develop educational use of materials to advocate against harmful practices e.g. female genital mutilationCommunity members should be taught how to do advocacy on the value of girl-child.Health workers should teach and promote participation of men and women in all areas of family and household responsibility.The health workers should teach and advocate male circumcision to enhance genital hygiene.Malaria Program-Taught by TOT through MOH:-Promotion of personal protection measure against mosquito.All ages to use treated mosquito nets, Houses screened against mosquitoes,How to improve water collection points, Points on how households should be cleared of bushes and tidy drainage systems. Use of mosquito repellantsHow to strengthen routine surveillance of vectors taught to community members and health workers.Extra promotion on intersectional collaboration in vector- control Government sectors involved/participation in malaria vector control measures.Intersectional-work plan taught to health workers by specialists in the program.Increased number of community-based activities directed to malaria vector control-mainly taught to social groups, community workers, commercial workers, church groups etc.Harness and sustain community participation in malaria vector control mainly done by health workers.To achieve the objectives:-Promote health education activities on malaria control.Community based program to reduce prevalence of malaria is done to reduce malaria initiated problems at all levels.Teach/involve community development committees and other respected community organizations and leaders in malaria prevention.Teach/enhance intersectional collaboration with sectors that are involved in social and economic development in malaria control activities.All involved health workers should teach and translate malaria and control guidelines into local language.The senior officers should train community health workers and TBAs in community mobilization and personal protection.Health workers should train mothers on appropriate management of malaria cases among children.Health workers should have meetings with community members, the guidelines should be put in place and in use by all health workers involved.The training officers should increase number of people trained on malaria control so that the program becomes effective.Proportion of mothers with correct knowledge and offering appropriate management of malaria in children should be increased and encouraged.The mothers should be encouraged to promote use of insecticide treated bed nets, the increased access to anti malaria drug should be taught to all involved.The senior health workers should promote proper management of malaria guidelines.The senior health workers should ensure malaria treatment guidelines are developed and in place.Training of District Health Management. Teams, Private Health Care Providers.Ensuring that there is integration of malaria control into other activities.Ensuring that proper conducting of proper surveillance on malaria drugs, sensitivity for proper malaria clinical management.There should be proper plans for conducting operational medical research on epidemiology and malariology. Diseases of Public Health Importance:-Trauma, Accidents and Injuries Through media in Radios, TV, Increased public knowledge and enforce measures to prevent trauma, accidents and injuries.Proportion of Districts and institutions with plans on safety measures e.g.done by police, media etc. The public should be educated on safety measures at home, workplace, road and water transport should be increased.Through DHMTS, education of the public on print and electronic media about prevention of accidents.Reform legislation policies and traditional/cultural practices which discriminate against women and girl-child and clients.Health workers and clients should be taught on how to integrate gender into reproductive health services.Both health workers and clients should be taught on how to promote harmonious partnership between women and men organization at community level.Both clients and health workers should be taught on how to improve access to information and education to women.Health workers should be taught on how to develop educational use of materials to advocate against harmful practices e.g. female genital mutilationCommunity members should be taught how to do advocacy on the value of girl-child.Health workers should teach and promote participation of men and women in all areas of family and household responsibility.The health workers should teach and advocate male circumcision to enhance genital hygiene.Malaria Program-Taught by TOT through MOHPromotion of personal protection measure against mosquito.All ages to use treated mosquito nets, Houses screened against mosquitoes,How to improve water collection points, Points on how households should be cleared of bushes and tidy drainage systems. Use of mosquito repellantsHow to strengthen routine surveillance of vectors-taught to community members and health workers.Extra promotion on intersectional collaboration in vector control-Government sectors involved/participation in malaria vector control measures.Intersectional-work plan taught to health workers by specialists in the program.Increased number of community-based activities directed to malaria vector control-mainly taught to social groups, community workers, commercial workers, church groups etc.Harness and sustain community participation in malaria vector control mainly done by health workers.To achieve the objectives:-Promote health education activities on malaria control.Community based program to reduce prevalence of malaria is done to reduce malaria initiated problems at all levels.Teach/involve community development committees and other respected community organizations and leaders in malaria prevention.Teach/enhance intersectional collaboration with sectors that are involved in social and economic development in malaria control activities.All involved health workers should teach and translate malaria and control guidelines into local language.The senior officers should train community health workers and TBAs in community mobilization and personal protection.Health workers should train mothers on appropriate management of malaria cases among children.Health workers should have meetings with community members, the guidelines should be put in place and in use by all health workers involved.The training officers should increase number of people trained on malaria control so that the program becomes effective.Proportion of mothers with correct knowledge and offering appropriate management of malaria in children should be increased and encouraged.The mothers should be encouraged to promote use of insecticide treated bed nets, the increased access to anti malaria drug should be taught to all involved.The senior health workers should promote proper management of malaria guidelines.The senior health workers should ensure malaria treatment guidelines are developed and in place.Training of District Health Management:-Teams, Private Health Care Providers.Ensuring that there is integration of malaria control into other activities.Ensuring that proper conducting of proper surveillance on malaria drugs, sensitivity for proper malaria clinical management.There should be proper plans for conducting operational medical research on epidemiology and malariology. Diseases of Public Health Importance:-Trauma, Accidents and Injuries Through media in Radios, TV, Increased public knowledge and enforce measures to prevent trauma, accidents and injuries.Proportion of Districts and institutions with plans on safety measures e.g. done by police, media etc. The public should be educated on safety measures at home, workplace, road and water transport should be increased.Through DHMTS, education of the public on print and electronic media about prevention of accidents.